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JAKARTA

Jakarta, the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia, is a special territory
enjoying the status of a province, consisting of Greater Jakarta, covering an area
of 637.44 square km. Located on the northern coast of West Java, it is the center
of government, commerce and industry and as such has an extensive communications
network with the rest of the country and the outside world. As Indonesia's main
gateway, the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport serves a growing number of
international airlines and domestic flights. Jakarta is a city of contrasts;
the traditional and the modern, the rich and the poor, the sacral and the worldly,
often stand side by side in this bustling metropolis.
Even its population, gathered from all those diverse ethnic and cultural groups
which compose Indonesia, are constantly juxtaposed as an ever- present reminder of
the national motto; Unity in Diversity.

Finding its origin in the small early 16th century harbor town of Sunda Kelapa, Jakarta's
founding is thought to have taken place on June 22, 1527, when it was re-named Jayakarta, meaning

Glorious Victory by the conquering Prince Fatahillah from neighboring Cirebon.
The Dutch East Indies Company which captured the town and destroyed it in 1619,
changed its name into Batavia and made it the center for the expansion of their power
in the East Indies. Shortly after the outbreak of World War II, Batavia fell into the
hands of the invading Japanese forces who changed the name of the city into
Jakarta as a gesture aimed at winning the sympathy of the Indonesians.

The name was retained after Indonesia achieved national independence after
the war's end.

The ethnic Jakartan called "Orang Betawi" speaks Betawi Malay, spoken as well in the
surrounding towns such as Bekasi and Tangerang. This language has two variations:
the conventional Betawi Malay and the modern Jakarta Malay. While the first is
spoken by the elder people, born and bred in Jakarta, the second is spoken by the
younger generation and migrants.

Jakarta's architecture reflects to a large extent the influx of outside influences which
came and has remained in this vital seaport city. The Taman Fatahillah Restoration
Project, begun in the early 1970s has restored one of the oldest sections of Jakarta also
known as Old Batavia to approximately its original state.

The old Portuguese Church and warehouse have been rehabilitated into living
museums. The old Supreme Court building is now a museum of fine arts which also
houses part of the excellent Chinese porcelain collection of former Vice President
Adam Malik. The old Town Hall has become the Jakarta Museum, displaying such rare
items as Indonesia's old historical documents and Dutch period furniture.

Its tower clock was once returned to England to be repaired under its lifetime guarantee,
which up to now has already lasted hundreds of years.

One of the most interesting tourist attractions is the "Beautiful Indonesia in Miniature
Park" popularly called "Taman Mini". Built to portray the variety of cultures found
within the many islands contained in the Republic of Indonesia, this open-air museum
comprises the many architectural forms of arts and traditions of all 27 provinces. It is
proof of the country's motto of Unity in Diversity as well as Freedom of Religion depicted
in the houses of worship built on the grounds.

Jakarta has preserved its past and is developing for the future. Skyscrapers in the
center of the city are part of a new look.

Modern luxury hotels today cater to the discriminating visitors. Transport within the
city is plentiful. It should be noted that museums are open daily from 8.00 a.m.
(except Mondays) till 2.00 p.m. on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays and Sundays.
On Fridays closing hour is 11.00 a.m. and on Saturdays at 1.00 p.m.

PLACES OF INTEREST

The National Monument
Central Museum
Indonesia in Miniature Park
"Theater Imax Keong Emas"(Golden Snail Theater)
Jaya Ancol Dreamland
Fantasy Land
The Marina Jaya Ancol
Jalan Surabaya
Jakarta Museum
Sunda Kelapa
T.I.M. Art Center
Pulau Seribu

The National Monument
The National Monument, or "Monas" as it is popularly called, is one of the monuments
built during the Sukarno era of fierce nationalism. It stands for the people's
determination to achieve freedom and the crowning of their efforts in the Proclamation
of Independence in August 1945. The 137-meter tall marble obelisk is topped with a
flame coated with 35 kg. of gold. The base houses a historical museum and a hall
for meditations. The monument is open to the public and upon request the lift can
carry visitors to the top which offers a bird's eye view on the city and the sea.

Central Museum
Established in 1778 by U.M.C. Rademacher under the auspices of the Batavia
Association of Arts and Sciences, it offers historical, prehistorical,
archaeological and ethnographic aspects of Indonesia through its extensive
collection of artifacts and relics which date as far back as to the Stone Age.
It has one of the most complete collections of bronzes and ceramics dating back
to the Han, Tang and Ming Dynasties. The Museum has one of the finest numismatic
collections in the world, including cloth and money which was used on several
islands until recently. The religious art section is filled with statuary and
sculpture salvaged from sites of Hindu, Buddhist and Islamic edifices.
Its collection of cultural instruments, household utensils, arts and crafts
provide an introduction to the life of the various ethnic groups which populate
Indonesia. This museum is popularly known as Gedung Gajah or "Elephant Building"
because of the stone elephant offered by King Chulalongkorn of Thailand in 1871,
placed on the front lawn of the building.

Indonesia in Miniature Park
An extensive park to get a glimpse of the diverseness of the Indonesian archipelago,
it represents Indonesia's 27 provinces and their outstanding characteristics,
reflected most strikingly in the exact regional architecture of the province.
It has its own orchid garden in which hundreds of Indonesian orchid varieties are
grown. There is also a bird park with a walk-in aviary, a fauna museum and recreational
grounds with a swimming pool and restaurants.

Of special interest here at Taman Mini is the Museum Indonesia. A richly decorated
building in Balinese architecture, it houses contemporary arts, crafts and traditional
costumes from the different regions of the country.
Open from 9.00 a.m. to 4.00 p.m. daily.

"Theater Imax Keong Emas"(Golden Snail Theater)
Located in the Taman Mini is the Imax theater which presents "Beautiful Indonesia"
on a gigantic screen using the latest Imax system.
Open from 11.00 am - 5.00 pm.

Jaya Ancol Dreamland
This is Jakarta's largest and most popular recreation park. It is built on
reclaimed beach land at the Bay of Jakarta, having, sea and freshwater aquariums,
swimming pools, an artificial lagoon for fishing, boating, bowling, an assortment
of nightclubs, restaurants, a steam-bath and massage parlors.

Daily shows are held at the Aquarium where dolphins and sea lions perform.
The Ancol complex includes a Marina, Dunia Fantasi (Fantasy Land), a golf course,
hotels and a drive-in theater. The "Pasar Seni" or art market has a varied collection
of Indonesian handicraft, paintings and souvenirs on sale.

At a nearby open-air theater art performances are held using the local dialect.

Fantasy Land
A recent addition to Jakarta's growing recreation facilities is the Fantasy Land,
a 9.5 hectares (23.75 acres) entertainment park located inside the Ancol Dreamland.
Planned to eventually become a part of a 200-hectares (500-acres) park designed to
usher the visitors into the fascinating world of modern science and technology,
the present facility takes them on an imaginative tour of Old Jakarta, Africa,
America, Indonesia, Europe, Asia and the Palace of Dolls. Each of the areas is
designed to give the visitor a feel of the region he is visiting through features
and architecture of the area at a certain period of its history and by the use of
animated puppets in the Palace of Dolls.

The park also offers a number of restaurants and souvenir shops.

The Marina Jaya Ancol
This is a special port for yachts, motor and sail boats, the port of departure for
Pulau Seribu and the scattered islands in the Bay of Jakarta. This is also the
place for marine recreation and sports where each facility is amply provided;
water cycles, canoes, sail boats, fishing gear and many others. Stalls along the
beach serve drinks and snacks while tents are available for sunbathers and sea lovers.

Jalan Surabaya
This street is located in one of the city's better residential areas known for
its flea market. Stalls offer a wide range of goods, some of them antiquities,
including ornate lamps, porcelain, brass-ware, handicrafts, Bargaining is necessary,
including the skill to distinguish authenticity from imitations.

Jakarta Museum
Completed in 1627, the building initially served as the Dutch East Indies
Company's Town Hall. Additions and renovations including a stone gate, offices
and renovations were added between 1705 and 1715. The known Indonesian hero,
Diponegoro, was said to have been imprisoned in its dungeon before his exile
to South Sulawesi.

The building was used as military barracks and offices when the Jakarta City
Administration decided in the early 1970s to make it the focus of a restoration
plan of old Batavia. Now a museum, it provides the historical background of
Jakarta through displays of old maps and antiquities including furniture and
porcelain used by the Dutch rulers of Batavia, plus a 16th century Portuguese
cannon which stand across the cobblestone square.

Sunda Kelapa
Sunda Kelapa, better known as Pasar Ikan (meaning fish market) is located at
the mouth of the Ciliwung river. It was formerly the harbor town of Sunda
Kelapa where the Portuguese traded with the Hindu Kingdom of Pajajaran in the
early 16th century.

The fish catch of the day was auctioned in the early morning at the old fish
market. The street leading to it was lined with shops selling all sorts of
shells, dehydrated turtles, lobsters and mostly everything the seafarer might need.

Dutch domination of Jakarta and the rest of Indonesia began from this area,
whereas the remnants of Kasteel Batavia, an old fort and trading post of the
Dutch East Indies Company can still be seen now.
Sunda Kelapa is at present a fisherman's wharf and an interisland port. Tall
masted Bugis schooners from South Sulawesi anchoring there offer a picturesque
scene. They belong to one of the last-fleets of sail boats in the world and still
ply the seas between the islands, as they did centuries ago, carrying merchandise.

T.I.M. Art Center
The focal point of cultural activities in Jakarta is the Jakarta Art Center,
known as Taman Ismail Marzuki or TIM in short. It is said to be the largest of
its kind in Southeast Asia and consists of exhibition halls, theaters, an academy
of arts, an archives building and a planetarium. A monthly programme of events,
available at hotel counters, includes exhibitions, plays, musical and poetry
recitals, dance performances, folk art and drama from the various regions of Indonesia.

Pulau Seribu
This group of islands in the Jakarta Bay offers a haven away from the bustle of
city life. There are golden beaches fringed with coconut palms. The surrounding
waters are a paradise for skin divers. They are filled with a myriad of tropical
fish which live among the multicolored corals. The islands can be reached from
Tanjung Priok or Pasar Ikan (Sunda Kelapa) by ferry or by chartered boat. Some of
the islands in this group developed for tourism are Pulau Bidadari, Pulau Ayer,
Pulau Laki and Pulau Putri. Pulau Tanjung near Putri has an airstrip. There are
cabins for hire, having fresh water on Pulau Air and Pulau Bidadari only.
The Pulau Putri Paradise Co. has developed Pulau Putri, Pulau Melintang, Pulau
Petondan and Pulau Papa Theo as a holiday resort with cottages, restaurants,
diving and sailing facilities.

JAKARTA(HOTEL)

AMBHARA HOTEL 270-0800, 0888
ARYADUTA HOTEL 231-1234
ATLET CENTURY PARK 571-2041
CIPTA HOTEL 390-4701
GRAND MELIA HOTEL 526-8080
HYATT HOTEL 390-1234
HILTON HOTEL 573-8011
IBIS HOTEL CIKARANG 893-4488
INDRA HOTEL 315-2858
INDONESIA HOTEL 390-6262
KARTIKA CANDRA HOTEL 525-0808
MANDARIN ORIENTAL 314-1407
NELAYAN HOTEL 591-9528
PRESIDENT HOTEL 230-1122
SAHID JAYA 570-4444
SARA PAN PACIFIK 390-2707
SHANGRILLA 570-7444

Jakarta http://www.emp.pdx.edu/htliono/jkt.html

YOGYAKARTA

Known as a central city of the Java culture, our small town is really worth
being one of the most preferred tour destination in Indonesia.

Located in the center of Java Island, bordered in the south by the Indian
Ocean, which according to the javanese belief is where the spirits of Queen
of South dwells; and in the north by Mt Merapi, an active volcano which still
believed as a home of sacred spirits. Just about 600 kms from Jakarta,
the capital city and about 1000 kms from Bali, Yogyakarta city is easily
reached by various transport connections, either by airlines or trains and buses.

As the former capitas and the centre of several kingdoms in the past, Yogyakarta
and its people are very rich in cultural heritages. Civilisation, traditional
arts and culture had developed respectively in the times of the ancient
Mataram Kingdom (8th - 10th century), the second Mataram Kingdom (17th -
18th century), and the Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Kingdom from the mid of 18th
century until nowaday. You will see many heritages here, not only ancient monuments
like temples, but also the living culture in the form of various kind of traditional
ceremonies, cultural events, traditional dances, perfomances, and batik painting,
and much more.

As a tourism destination, Yogyakarta comes with three main point of interest:

* as the heart of Java culture, Yogyakarta is heavy colored by daily java culture
lifestyle and customs, performing arts in certain occassions, under the governance
of Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, the King of Yogyakarta Kingdom and the governor of
Yogyakarta Province, who lives in the Royal Palace of Yogyakarta nowaday.
* the most famous monuments from ancient cultures: the Borobudur Temple,
the Prambanan Temple, and tens of smaller temples in and around of Yogyakarta.
* its natural beauties, the beaches and the magnificent mountain that can be
reach within 30 minutes from the downtown, beautiful limestone caves and wild
rivers to raft .

Yogyakarta has attracted many people from all over the world to enjoy its
beauty and amazing cultures from day to day. Supported by several luxury
star hotels, well connected transportation, and a good travel plan,
you can also explore the countryside of Yogyakarta while you stay in
Indonesia with ease and comfortness.

PLACES OF INTEREST

Borobudur Temple
Prambanan Temple

Borobudur Temple

Known as one of the world wonders, the Borobudur Temple is the hugest
massive monument ever that built as a devotion to the Buddha Gautama.

The Borobudur temple is still fully functioning as a sacred sanctuary and
take a important role for Buddhist religious ceremonies such as
Waisak (Buddha Sidharta Gautama Anniversary Celebration), nowaday.
It is now being the centre of Buddhism activities and the most preferred
destination for a spiritual pilgrimage purpose.

Located in Magelang Regency, Central Java Province, it's beautifully
surrounded by mountains and hills creating a nice and peaceful atmosphere.
The Borobudur temple can be easily reach by public transportation only
in 45 minutes from Yogyakarta city.

The Borobudur Temple was constructed on the artificial
hills (265m above sea level), within the periods of 8th to 10th century
by the Kings of Sanjaya Dinasty, along with the other two smaller temples:
Mendut Temple and Pawon Temple.

It is not really a temple which can be entered, but a bell-shaped giant massive
building that consist more than 2 million pieces of stone or about 55.000 m3
of volcanic stones volume. The monument has a square foot (123m x 123m),
while the upper part has the form of circle terraces with the main dome
in the center, Borobudur has the form of a hemisphere.

Borobudur have ten level of terraces, the first sixth terraces have the form
of square shape while the rest have a round shape. All levels have their
ballustrade which finely carved at its walls as a basrelief of Buddha teachings
and holy stories. The total length of those fine carved walls is almost
3000 meters long, divided into 1460 panels of basreliefs. On the last three
highest terraces, there are 72 stupas surrounding a huge main stupa as a top
of the temple.

The Borobudur Temple is opening daily for public from 09.00 AM until 04.30 PM,
with an exception on certain Buddhism holiday for their ceremonies purpose.

Prambanan Temple
The temples of Prambanan, or it's more
well-known as the temple of Lara
Jonggrang,is one of the magnificent
cultural inheritance from the ancestors of
the Indonesian.

Located on Prambanan district in the
Sleman Regency of Yogyakarta, just
about 20 minutes from Yogyakarta city.
The Prambanan Temple can be
seen directly when you drive
from Yogyakarta to Surakarta.
This district is likely being a centre of goverment and culture during the ancient
kindoms of Javanese age, from 8th to the 10th century. From its appearance, it can
be observed that the temples have the characteristic of hinduism, however, some
temples in the same area have the type of Buddhism like the Sewu Temple.

The Prambanan Temple is consist of many temples, the main temples were
successfully restored from the damaged state caused by the natural disasters like a
great mountain eruption, flood and earthquake, and also by wars and human violences.

The Prambanan Temple has three main temples in the centre yard:

*Syiwa Temple, the highest temple, which is 46,5 meters tall.
*Wisnu Temple in the North of Syiwa Temple.
*Brahma Temple in the South of Syiwa Temple.
*Nandi Temple in front of Syiwa Temple.
*The Wahana Temples lies in front of Wisnu and Brama Temple.
*Apit Temple lies in the North and the South flanking row of temples in the West
 and East row
*Four Kelir Temples in front of each gate of the main square.
*Four Smaller Temples at each of the corner of the main square.

The total number of temples in the complex of Prambanan are 240 temples, most of
them are ruins of stones.

The posture of the temple figuring the symbol of life in the universe and life after
death. This structure imitating the Mt. Mahameru, a place where the gods and goddess
live. The carvings and the dressing are adjusted to the nature of gods, such as the
decoration pattern taken from the mountain nature, lotus blooms, strange animal and
creatures, fairies, leaves and shoots bending and winding around covering the
whole space of the decoration.

Inside of each temples is occupied by statues, for example: the statue of Syiwa
Mahadewa in the main room facing eastward, the statue of Durga Mahesasuramardini
which is more known as the statue of Lara Jonggrang, and many other statues of
Hindus' teaching. The Prambanan temple with its extravagant decoration and
architectural style was classified into the latter period of the Central Java style
of approximately the 10th century, while the precise data revealing who and
when it was created by, are not yet clear until today. The found inscriptions tells
that these temples were built on somewhere lying between 8th and 9th century
by Rakai Pikatan Dinasty.

The Prambanan Temples complex is also have its legends, known as Lara Jonggrang
story, which told that the thousand temples are built in one night, but only
999 are finished in the next morning.

The Hindu's holy story of Ramayana is perfectly carved along the body of
Prambanan Temples. This well known story is now performed as an colossal traditional
ballet on the open-air stage at the backyard of the Prambanan Temple in the evening.
You are advised not to miss this great performance, especially when the fullmoon
night comes.

The Prambanan Temple Complex is open for public from 08.00 to 16.30 daily.

YOGYAKARTA(HOTEL & Restaurants)
* Hyatt Regency Yogyakarta, Jl. Palagan Tentara Pelajar (phone: 0274- 869123):
  Handicrafts Market & Barbeque, Lobby Court, every Thursday from 6 pm
  with Strolling Band entertainment; Seafood Market, every Friday night from
  5 pm - 9 pm; Hyatt Night Market, dinner set in traditional night market atmosphere,
  every Saturday night from 7 pm - 9 pm; Live Music, every Friday and Saturday night
  from 9 pm; Sunday Brunch, wide selection of international buffet with life
  entertainment from Strolling Band, every Sunday from 11 am - 3 pm.

* Malioboro Ibis Hotel, Jl Malioboro 52-58 (phone: 0274-516974)

* Sheraton Mustika Yogyakarta, Jl. Laksda Adisucipto Km. 8.7 (phone: 0274- 511588)

* Novotel Hotel Yogyakarta, Jl. Jend. Sudirman 89 (phone: 0274-580930)

* Phoenix Hotel Yogyakarta, Jl. Jend. Sudirman 9-11 (phone: 0274- 566322,566353).

* Melia Purosani Hotel, Jl. Suryotomo 31 (phone: 0274-589521/3, fax: 0274- 588070):
  300 rooms (standard, superior and suite), executive floor, meeting facilities up to
  600 persons, business center, fitness center, swimming pool; 24-hour El-Patio
  Coffee Shop offering international and Indonesian cuisine; Renggosari Restaurant
  offering Chinese specialties Cantonese and Szechuan, Chinese steamboat (every
  Saturday from 5 pm - 11.30 pm), Dim Sum (every Sunday from 8 am - 2 pm)
  (every Saturday): Parangsari Poolside Restaurant; Soka Lounge and Ria Sports Pub
  with live sport broadcasts on large screen and daily live entertainment.

* Hotel Century Saphir, Jl. Laksda Adisucipto No. 38 Yogyakarta 55001
  (phone 0274-566220, e-mail: saphir@idola.net.id)

* Hotel Quality Yogyakarta, Jl. Laksda Adisucipto No. 48 P.O.Box 82 Yogyakarta 55281
  (phone: 0274- 565005, fax: 0274-565965/565009)

Bali travel

Besakih, Temple
Tanah Lot
Kintamani
Uluwatu, Temple
Ubud
Nusa Dua
Kuta, Beach
Sanur

Besakih, Temple
Bali's oldest, largest, most impressive and austere temple complex sits
one-third the way up the slopes of Gunung Agung. Besakih, actually consisting
of three temple compounds, is the Mother Temple of Bali and the most important
of the island's Sad Kahyangan religious shrines. It's Bali's supreme holy place,
the essence of all Bali's 20,000 temples, a symbol of religious unity, and the
only temple that serves all Balinese. It's still spectacular-good energy!

Besakih was built on a terraced site where prehistoric rites, ceremonies, and
feasts once took place.
Perhaps it was here where the spirit of the great, angry mountain, which loomed
menacingly above the island, received pagan sacrifices. Certain timeworn megaliths
in some of the bale are reminiscent of old Indo-Polynesian structures.

Hindu theologians claim the temple was founded by the 8th century missionary
Danghyang Markandeya, a priest credited with introducing the tradition of daily
offerings (bebali) and the concept of a single god. His son, Empu Sang Kulputih,
was the temple's first high priest.

Besakih is a very complex architectural structure venerating the holy Hindu trinity.
Via a series of long stairways, the temple group ascends parallel ridges toward
Gunung Agung, the honored birthplace of Bali's deities, tantamount to heaven.
The temple is continually enlarged as municipalities, regencies, and wealthy
honored Brahman families add more shrines. In fact, each caste and kin group,
as well as various sects, artisan guilds, and aristocratic families, maintains
its own temple inside the complex.

About 22 separate sanctuaries contain a befuddling array of over 60 temples and
200 distinct structures (a map is posted at the top of the road leading from the
parking lot). Given the Balinese passion for covering surfaces with carving or paint,
it's remarkable most of Besakih's sanctuaries are constructed simply of wood.

Tanah Lot
Like a delicate Chinese painting, this small, pagoda-like temple 13-km southwest
of Tabanan sits on a huge eroded outcropping of rock offshore.
Tanah Lot ('Sea Temple of the Earth') is only one of a whole series of splendid sea
temples on the south coast of Bali, all paying homage to the guardian spirits of the sea.

So that these spirits may be constantly propitiated, allowing pilgrims to walk
between them, each temple is visible from the next along the entire southern coastline.
On crystal-clear days from Tanah Lot you can just make out Pura Uluwatu.

Legend has it that the temple was built by one of the last Brahman priests to arrive in
Bali from Java, Sanghyang Nirantha, a man remembered for his successful efforts in
strengthening the religious beliefs of the populace and for founding several of Bali's
most dramatic 16th century sad sanghyang temples.

At that time, the area's holy leader, Bendesa Beraben, jealous when his followers
joined the newcomer,ordered the Hindu saint to leave. Using his magical powers,
Nirantha left by simply moving the rock upon which Tanah Lot is built from the land
into the sea, changing his scarf into the sacred snakes that still guard the temple.
Later, Bendesa Beraben converted wholeheartedly to Nirantha's teachings.

Incomparably situated off a black volcanic sand shore, Tanah Lot is one of the most
photographed and sketched temples in Asia. Watch the hypnotic sunset from the park
opposite the temple, its oddly shaped rock silhouetted against a blood-red sky.
Tanah Lot is actually only one reason to come here, this relaxing nearby park
is another.

Follow the paths to the cliff-top temples in the vicinity-Pura Batu Bolong, Pura Batu
Mejan, Beji Taman Sari, Pura Enjung Galuh. There are many vantage points from which
to view Tanah Lot, the best from Pura Enjung Galuh on a bluff just west of Tanah Lot.

The whole site is well-maintained, commercial activities are in keeping with its
peaceful isolation, charm and holiness. The tacky souvenir stands are outside the park.
A favorite of the multitude of domestic tourists who visit Tanah Lot are the scores
of poisonous snakes (ular suci) sleeping in sandy holes just above the waterline
along the beach.

When the tide is out, they slither into the temple. The locals believe these snakes
guard the sanctuary from intruders, and great care must be taken by all who visit the
temple not to disturb or anger them.
The snakes are the property of the temple's guardian spirit.

Big crowds come to pray here even though the structures that make up the Tanah Lot
complex are actually quite unremarkable, consisting of just two pavilions and two black
thatched-roof 'meru' shrines-one with seven-tiers, dedicated to Sanghyang Widi Wasa,
and the other with three-tiers, dedicated to Nirantha.

Like all Bali temples, Pura Tanah Lot celebrates 'odalan' once every 210 days.
The birthday falls close to the festivals of Galungan and Kuningan, when ancestor
spirits are invited to visit their family shrines.
Four days after Kuningan, Hindus from all over Bali come laden with rice cakes, fruit,
carved palm leaf, and holy water to pray to the Hindu gods and goddesses.

Women bear towers of votive offerings on their heads, waiting until low tide to safely
walk over a concrete-reinforced walkway and up rock-cut steps to the solitary temple.

At high tide, when the walkway is submerged, the incoming waves can get pretty
ferocious. Fees are required to park your vehicle and walk through a gauntlet of souvenir
stalls onto the rocky beach opposite the temple.

Only Hindu devotees may actually climb the temple stairway and enter the grounds.
Time your arrival for low tide, which is around noon at times of the full moon.
From Tanah Lot a beautiful panorama unfolds as headland jut out into the sea and heavy
surf pounds the rock, throwing spumes of spray high into the sunlit air.

To prevent further erosion around the south side of the temple base, unsightly concrete
tetrapods have been lowered into the sea by helicopters to help 'protect' the temple.

Within walking distance is a serene beach to the west called Pantai Nyanyi, with
black sand, big waves and beautiful views, especially during the full moon.
About 13 km from Tabanan. About an hour's walk away, Kedungu and Yeh Gangga
are nice beaches along a jagged coastline northwest of Tanah Lot toward
Negara Getting There and Away

The most scenic way to reach Tanah Lot is to walk at low tide six hours (14 km
one way) up and back from Kuta. Wear a bathing suit, as the rivermouths along the way
can be forded. Time your arrival for Tanah Lot's spectacular sunset.

You can also reach the temple by driving from Denpasar toward Tabanan and Negara,
then taking a left (southwest) at Kediri's stoplight down a side road that leads
after nine km to Tanah Lot's parking lot. Tanah Lot is about an hour's drive and
31 km to the northwest of Denpasar.

Most of the travel agents in Bali's major resorts include Tanah Lot as an almost de
rigueur stop. Minibuses and 'bemo' depart Denpasar's Ubung Station for Kediri
(30 minutes), from where you take 'bemo' onward to Tanah Lot (nine km, 30 minutes).
'Bemo' departures slow down in the afternoons, so if you want to arrive by sunset
you might have to consider alternate transport.

When you're ready to return to Denpasar or Kuta, don't wait too long after 1600 to get a
'bemo' back to Kediri so you can connect with another 'bemo' to Denpasar. Otherwise
you might have to charter a ride on the back of a motorbike, or walk.

If you're staying overnight at Tanah Lot, be aware there are no public 'bemo' until 1100.
Just start walking and someone will pick you up, for a fee, of course. It takes about
three hours to return to Kuta by public transport.


Kintamani
Kintamani is a cool, fresh retreat, bring warm clothes, as it's cold at
night (1,500 meters above sea level). The fog comes rolling into Kintamani early,
transforming it into a ghost town of howling 'anjing', so you'd best settle in before
nightfall. The coldest months are July and August, lots of rain from October to March.
Get up early to watch a superb sunrise.

There are fewer annoying locals and you're treated with slightly more respect.
Still, Kintamani has more barking dogs per square meter than any other place on Bali.
There's a busy market every third morning along the highway in the north part of town,
right in front of Losmen Miranda.

The temples of the area look out over the crater. People come from all over the island
to pray here, especially during 'odalan'. A grand old 'gong gede', one of only three on
Bali, plays for the ceremony.

Accommodations
Most 'losmen' are located on the main street, Jalan Pasar Kintamani. Kintamani's best
budget hotel is small, friendly, family-run Losmen Miranda with six rooms in the upper
end of town. Services include free baggage storage, hot water at no charge, and a
log fire. This clean, well-kept hotel and its good food are excellent value.
Nothing glamorous but no bugs in the bed, and bars on the windows.

Food

There are 'warung makanan' up from Puri Astina in the market. Losmen Miranda
has a pretty good fully Westernized 28-item breakfast and dinner menu, including
fried noodles, veggie omelets, black rice pudding, and vegetables, eggs, and sauce.
Miranda claims to have the best pancakes on Bali-banana inside, coconut on top.

Getting Away

From Kintamani to Penelokan by 'bemo', to Singaraja by bus (1.5 hours) and to
Denpasar by bus (1.5 hours). The Denpasar - Singaraja bus passes in front of
Losmen Miranda. For Gunung Batur, it's possible to start your climb from Kintamani
at 0600 and return by 1200.

Expert local guides, available through the hotels, will lead you down the old bridle
path that drops steeply from the lip of the outer crater, then climbs up and over
the rim of the inner crater before descending into the innermost crater.

Uluwatu, Temple
On the south coast of Bali is a whole series of sea temples-Tanah Lot,
Pura Sakenan, Pura Rambut Siwi, Pura Petitenget, and Pura Uluwatu. All pay
homage to the guardian spirits of the sea, but none is more spectacular than Uluwatu.

This well-maintained temple, one of the 'sad-kahyangan' group of the holiest temples
of Bali, is the least overwhelmed by tourism and commercialism because of its remote
location on the southwestern tip of Bukit.

For years entrance was forbidden to anyone but the prince of Badung. He visited right
up until his death at the hands of the Dutch in the puputan of 1906. Administered
now by a royal family in Denpasar, Uluwatu actually belongs to the Balinese people,
but is particularly sacred to fishermen, who come here to pray to the sea
goddess Dewi Laut.

Legend has it the temple is actually a ship turned to stone. The full name of
the temple is Pura Luhur Uluwatu, which roughly translates as 'The Temple Above
the Stone,' an accurate description as this temple perches on a cliff overhanging
the Indian Ocean 90 meters below.

Layout and Construction

Walk up the 71 steps through a strikingly simple limestone entrance to the
rectangular outer courtyard. All three courtyards-representing the spiritual,
earthly, and demonic realms-are surrounded by hard weathered coral, which has
enabled the temple to survive for centuries and gives it a brilliant
white appearance. Towering over the middle courtyard is an enormous arched
'kala' gate flanked by Ganesha guardians, reminiscent of East Javanese
temple architecture.

From the center of the northwest wall is a beautiful view of the sheer cliffs
and ocean below. Descend down into the outermost courtyard-from there you
can see the tip of East Java 50 km away. As white breakers crash against the
rocks below, watch sea turtles swim in a hundred shades of churning
blue-green seawater, wide-winged white frigate birds soar against the sky,
moving to and from nests in the cliffs.

When the temple is bathed in gold at sunset, streams of jeeps, cars,
and buses head to Uluwatu for the spectacular view. Since the temple
is so small, it can get very crowded. While here, refresh yourself with
an 'es kelapa muda', sold at stands on a shady slope off the parking lot.
Served with a straw and a spoon to scoop the soft gooey meat from the
coconut-one of Asia's greatest pleasures.

Getting There

At the end of a beautiful country road, Uluwatu may be reached by public
bemo from Kuta or Tegal station in Denpasar. From Kuta, you can charter
a vehicle, but it's faster if you take a motorbike.
From the parking lot, walk 300 meters down a path to the
tgemple (open 0700-1900). Get there early in the morning for a quiet hour
before the tourists start arriving. Contribute a donation for temple upkeep
and take a sash, or sarong, if you're wearing shorts. For some obscure reason,
visitors are prohibited from wearing black-and-white checkered cloths
or red hibiscus.

Warning:

Beware of mischievous resident monkeys who snatch unguarded items. Don't wear
a hat, scarf, sunglasses, shoulder purse, dangling earrings, carry food or
anything else that can be yanked from you.
Positive reinforcement (food) is used to encourage the monkeys to keep on stealing.

Ubud
Ubud lies 36 km from the resorts on the southern coast. The name for this
royal village is derived from the Balinese word ubad (medicine), the moniker
of a herb with healing properties which grows along the nearby Oos River.

If you aren't interested in overpriced tourist hype but want comfortable
accommodations at good prices, a central location, and all the facilities
in a less hurried rural environment than the south, the Ubud area is for you.
Despite the bumper-to-bumper traffic, too many loud motorcycles, and thousands of
tourists during Bali's peak tourist seasons, when it's difficult to find a
parking space, Ubud still shows glimpses of its basically rural character.

The stars over Ubud almost crowd out the sky they're so bright, and during
the day the heavens are crowned with fluffy cumulus and wispy cirrus clouds.
Wandering around in the crisp night air is pleasant and safe.

Candidasa, Denpasar, and the airport are all only an hour's drive from Ubud,
and beautiful landscapes and historical sites-Pujung, Gunung Kawi, Goa Gadjah,
Tirta Empul, Yeh Pulu-are within easy reach.

You can enjoy dozens of scenic nature walks around the village-pick any lane
and just keep on walking. The best time is at dawn. Just east of Ubud is
Bali's former capital, Pejeng, the center of the Balinese Holy Land and home
to the highest concentration of antiquities on the island.

Ever since the German painter Walter Spies made his home here in the 1930s,
Ubud has been a haven for both native and European artists. In an area of
10 square km in and around this village live Bali's most accomplished dancers,
musicians, painters, and carvers. Temple festivals, celebrations, and
performing arts-baby's first haircut, dance rehearsals, even an occasional
cremation-are offered somewhere in the area every day of the week.

Ubud is also the expat capital of Bali. A permanent Western community resides
here because cultural and natural attributes make it the ideal place for those
who wish to stay for any length of time on Bali. From your 'losmen' or homestay
family you can learn how to make a bamboo mouth harp, study painting,
maskmaking, and 'gamelan', or learn the art of the 'dalang'.

Nusa Dua
Northeast of Bualu are the extensive mudflats of Suwung, which extend for about
seven km to Jimbaran. Bridges cross over swampy sections. A commercial seaweed
farm is located two km south of Nusa Dua. A road leads south to the small farming
community of Sawangan.

Large banyan-like 'bunut' trees in the town's center. Pura Geger, a temple
dedicated to agricultural deities, is a short distance east of town on a rocky
promontory. A track leads two km south to remote Pura Karang Bona, which also
looks out over the sea.

Getting there

A smart new highway whisks arrivals the 10 kilometers from the airport to Nusa
Dua in about 20 minutes. Public bemo leave Kuta for Nusa Dua from the intersection
of Jalan Pantai Kuta and the road to the airport. From Tegal station in Denpasar,
take a 'bemo'. Getting away The resort offers easy access to Denpasar (25 minutes).

Kuta, Beach
This beach is by far the most popular and whitest beach in Bali, attracting
all ages and nationalities. The beach extends from Canggu to the airport
in Tuban. It is ideal for those who wish to combine a beach holiday with
testing their surfing skills.

Kuta's six-kilometer-long, crescent-shaped surfing beach, protected by a
coral reef at its southern end, and long and wide enough for Frisbee contests
and soccer games, is famous for its beautiful tropical sunsets.

Kuta first discovered by the surfers and hippies of the 60's has now become
known around the world for its magnificent sunsets, surf beach and nightlife.
The best waves are the left-handers out on Kuta Reef. The best surfing is
from March to July. It is a fantastic place to lay your sarong, frolic in the
waves and soak up the warm sun.

Young Kuta cowboys tend to be real possessive about their waves, so make
friends with them first.
For surfing equipment, head for the dozen or so surf shops on Jalan Bakung
Sari and Jalan Legian. Run by veteran surfers, these shops rent and sell
surfboards, boogie boards, and such accessories as water-sport wear and
tide charts. These guys can also give you current information on the
state of the surf. Surfboards can also be rented on the beach.
Although Kuta's beach is inviting, watch the treacherous undertow and
strong currents. Since 1958, over 100 tourists have drowned here. Always
swim within the flag markers on the beach, keep near the crowds and
lifeguards, and remain within the reef.

Getting There and Around

A taxi from the airport is available. The problem is the airport taxis won't
go into Kuta's small lanes and often dump tourists out to schlep their bags
sweating and cursing to their hotels. To avoid this, get out of the taxi on
the main street outside the airport, then transfer to a metered blue/yellow taxis.
Or walk out the airport gate and hire a 'bemo' to the start of Jalan Pantai Kuta.

Get to Kuta from Denpasar by boarding a 'bemo' from Stasiun Tegal in southern
Denpasar. 'Bemo' from Denpasar travel only one direction-Denpasar to Kuta, then
to Legian via one-way Jalan Pantai Kuta, then back through Kuta down Jalan Legian
before returning to Denpasar. Stay on the 'bemo' until you're closest to your destination.

Getting Away

A thick and endless stream of motorcycles, 'bemo', cars, vans, and buses travel
to Legian via the beachfront road, Jalan Pantai Kuta. 'Bemo' from Denpasar's Tegal
station stop very briefly at Bemo Corner to let out passengers, then travel down.


Sanur
A prosperous and historic resort area, Sanur is Indonesia's answer to Waikiki.
It's nine km southeast of Denpasar and crowded with high-priced luxury hotels
and clusters of serene bungalows in leafy compounds along the shoreline of
a gentle, reef-sheltered lagoon.

Guesthouses started appearing here as early as the 1940s and heralded
the age of modern tourism on the island. Large hotel enclaves, shady lanes,
trees, and coral walls give the village a park-like setting.

The sunrise over Pulau Nusa Penida each morning is magnificent. At sunset,
sailboats dot Sanur's horizon. Sanur is smaller, quieter, prettier, safer,
and more sheltered than Kuta 15 km to the southwest.
It's also more expensive. The big luxury hotels which have made Sanur
famous are on side streets off the main street and its 'dukun' and trance
mediums are renowned all over the island.

Despite the throngs of tourists, the village still retains its Balinese
character. Sanur is one of Bali's largest traditional villages. Nevertheless
village life goes on and visitors can really experience the real Bali.

The trees are mature, the streets in good repair, and there's less
construction than in Kuta or Lovina. Sanur is the preferred long-term
residence for those Bali expats who prefer the ocean and the city.
The most exclusive private estates, separated by vine-draped coral walls and
palm-fringed lanes, are in the Batu Jimbar neighborhood.

Within these elegant compounds are luxurious gardens, swimming pools,
lotus ponds, well-tended lawns, and elegant, traditional thatched-roofed villas.
Because of its glamour, and snob appeal, the Sanur area is also a favorite of
diplomats and foreign consulates.

Only 2.5 km south of the Grand Bali Beach Hotel, just beyond the village
of Kesiman, is an important place of remembrance, Padanggalak. From the beach
enjoy fine views of the coastline and Sanur's 'hotel row'. It was on this beach
that the Dutch forces which eventually subjugated the Balinese landed in 1906.

Thirty-six years later Dutch fleeing the Japanese also came ashore here.
And in 1946, the Dutch were back here again, attempting to re-establish control
over their former colony, using KNIL units and meeting stubborn resistance
from the Balinese.

Padanggalak also commemorates a tragedy. A monument here is dedicated to the
people who died in the crash of a Pan Am Boeing 707 that crashed into the
side of Gunung Patas west of Singaraja on 22 April 1974.

Mistaking the lights of boats and fishing platforms off the north coast for
the landing strip lights at Bali's airport in Tuban in the south, the pilot
came in low and crashed headlong into the mountain, killing all 107 people
onboard. Visitors from 11 nations still come here to pay their respects
to the dead, laying flowers and offerings at the small altar containing
the ashes of the victims.

The village of Sanur located on the eastern coast of Bali is the ideal beach
for snorkeling as it is protected by a coral reef. Sanur is Bali's first beach resort.

Getting There

From Kuta to Sanur, take a 'bemo' first to Terminal Tegal in Denpasar, then a dark
blue 'bemo' all the way to Sanur. Or take a dark green 'bemo' from Denpasar's Kreneng
Terminal to Sanur. A two-km-long four-lane highway runs six km from the southeastern
edge of Denpasar (Renon) to northern Sanur, dropping you off just north of the Grand
Bali Beach compound, then continuing down Jalan Danau Tamblingan.

With or without prior booking, look for the name of your hotel on signs or vehicles
at the airport for a free air-conditioned ride to Sanur. A different way to reach
Sanur is to walk along the beach from Lebih, south of Gianyar. This involves
crossing the mouths of several rather large rivers-exercise cautions.

Getting Away

The Sanur Terminal is at the south end of Sanur near the Trophy Pub Center at the
end of Jalan Danau Tamblingan. On Jalan Tanjung Sari, flag down a blue or green
public 'bemo' heading northwest to Denpasar's Kreneng Station or a blue one heading
south to Tegal Station. From here you get another 'bemo' to Kuta.

Take yellow metered Praja taxis, tel. 62361-289090/191, to the Matahari Department
Store in Denpasar.You can also take private cars or minibuses into Denpasar.
If you have your own vehicle, drive the beautiful new superhighway via Batubulan
in the direction of Ubud. This highway-perhaps the best on the island-makes Sanur
a good base from which to explore the regencies of Bangli, Gianyar, and Klungkung.

Sanur village is also blessed with the majority of the head offices of international
airlines serving Bali, most located in the Grand Bali Beach, so it's easy to confirm
or change your departure date here.

Bali travel(HOTEL)

* Melia Bali Villas and Spa Resort, Nusa Dua (Phone: 0361 771510):
  Bali Boulevard: The Cabaret Show, by 12 dancers of the Melia Bali dancing team,
  Tuesday, Thursday, Sunday, 10 p.m.

* Hard Rock Hotel, Jl. Pantai, Banjar Pande Mas, Kuta (Phone: 0361 761869):
  - Lobby Bar: Macumba, Siluet and Miracle band, nightly, 7:30 p.m. to 11 p.m.
  - Sand Island: Rapaya Band and Macumba Band, Tuesday, Friday, Saturday,
    Sunday, 3 p.m. to 5 p.m.
  - The Boom Box: Jazzy Wednesday, every Wednesday, Jam hours every
    Friday, 10:30 p.m. to 1 a.m.
  - Hard Rock Cafe: Nightly live music, 11 p.m. onwards

* Bali Hilton International, Nusa Dua (Phone: 0361 771102):
  - Waterfall Restaurant, 7:30 p.m.: Solo Guitarist, Monday. Keroncong Orchestra,
    Tuesday. Unplug Group, Wednesday. Kolintang Bambu Orchestra, Thursday. Duo
    Guitarists Friday. Trio Armanico, Saturday. Joged Bumbung Dance, Sunday.
  - Balinese Theater, 7:30 p.m.: Kecak Dance, Tuesday, Saturday.
    Ramayana Ballet, Monday. Legong Dance, Wednesday. Frog Dance, Thursday.
    Jegog Dance, Friday. Tek Tekan Dance, Sunday.

* Bali Cliff Resort, Ungasan (Phone: 0361 771992):
  - The Lobby: Love in the air in the Valentine's day
  - The Cave, open at 7 p.m. to 10:30 p.m.: Kecak Dance, Saturday.
  - Open Stage, 7 p.m. to 10:30 p.m.: Legong or Frog Dance, Monday, Friday.
  - The Cliff Coffee Shop, 11 a.m. to 3 p.m.: Jazz Piano by Johny Rumanggit, Monday.
  - Al-Fresco Pizzeria, 7 p.m. to 10:30 p.m.: Classic Guitar by Lianto, Tuesday.

* Hotel Sanur Beach, Sanur (Phone: 0361 288011):
  - Bima Stage at 7:30 p.m.: Legong Dance, Wednesday, Ramayana Ballet, Saturday.
  - Poolside Restaurant: Pianist, Monday to Saturday, 7 p.m.

* Grand Bali Beach, Sanur (Phone: 0361 288511):
  - Pendawa Open Stage: Ramayana Dance, Wednesday, 8:30 p.m.

* Grand Mirage Bali, Tanjung Nusa (Phone: 0361 771888):
  - Rama Stage: Legong Dance, Tuesday, 8:30 p.m.

* Hotel Santika Beach, Kuta (Phone: 0361 751267):
  - Kaisar Restaurant: The Loz Poloz Quartet, Saturday night.
  - Taman Ayun Pool: Balinese performances, Tuesday, Friday, Sunday.
  - Uluwatu Restaurant: The Loz Poloz Quartet, Monday and Wednesday.
  - Taman Ayun Lobby Bar: Live music every day.

* Bali Inter-Continental Resort, Jimbaran (Phone: 0361 701888):
  - Saraswati Lounge, 6:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m.: Topeng Dance, Tuesday. Frog Dance,
    Wednesday. Arjuna Wiwaha, Friday. Ramayana Dance, Saturday.
    Legong Dance, Monday.
  - Padi Prada Lounge: Jazz Music by Milestone Jazz, daily (except Tuesday),
    8 p.m. to 12 p.m.
  - Taman Gita Terrace: Okokan Dance, or Kecak Dance, Thursday night.
  - Jimbaran Garden Restaurant: Kolintang (Traditional Music), daily (except Thursday),
    7 p.m. to 10 p.m.

* Nikko Bali Hotel, Nusa Dua (Phone: 0361 773377):
  - Kupu-kupu Amphitheater: Janger Parade and Mask Dance, Saturday 7 p.m.
    to 10 p.m.
  - Oolooloos Fun Pub: Trapessium Band, Tuesday to Sunday, 8 p.m. to 2 a.m.,
    Fashion show, Saturday, 10:30 p.m. to 11:30 p.m.

* Sheraton Nusa Indah Resort, Nusa Dua (Phone: 0361 771906):
  - Ikan Restaurant and Bar, open daily 11 a.m. to 11 p.m., entertained by Batak Quartet.

* Kuta Paradiso Hotel Bali, Jl. Kartika Plaza, Tuban (Phone: 0361 761414)
  - El Patio Restaurant, open daily 24 hours.
  - Fukutaro Japanese Restaurant, open daily at 8 a.m. to 12 p.m.
Bali Travel http://www.balifolder.com

Others Land

Ujung Kulon Park
Krakatau Volcano
Mt. Bromo (East Java)

Ujung Kulon Park
In the remote south west of Java, the
national park of Ujung Kulon is the site
of one of Indonesia most pristine and
untouched natural attractions. It is no
coincidence that Ujung Kulon is classified
as one of Indonesia World Heritage
Sites and has been a natural reserve
since 1937. Most well known for being the
home of the last one horned white Javan
rhinoceros of which a population of
about 60 remains, Ujung Kulon receives
about 6,500 visitors a year from all
over the world.

With over 120,000 hectares, Ujung Kulon comprises the extreme southwestern tip
of the island of Java,Indonesia, the two islands of Pulau Handeuleum and
Pulau Peucang just offshore, and the island of Pulau Panaitan separated from
the mainland by the Panaitan Straits.

The Ujung Kulon area offers various different landscapes, from the Gunung Payung
massif in the southwest and the low rolling hills of the Telanca Plateau in the
northeast, to the swamp area characteristic for the lower lying isthmus.
Inventories of the Ujung Kulon wild life are the subject of numerous books.
The fauna on the peninsula and the islands is almost too extensive to
describe in short.

The Javan rhino, a highly endangered species, together with leopards,
Javan gibbons, banteng, eagles, pythons, crocodiles and turtles represents
just a fraction of the wide range of carnivores, deer, primates,
birds, reptiles and amphibians present.

The terrestrial scenery proofs to be an ideal attraction to hikers, eco-tourists
and researchers, and is well matched in popularity by the Ujung Kulon coast and
its water sport possibilities. Scuba diving and game fishing enthusiasts rate
the marine location among the richest in the archipelago with an abundance
and variety of fish and superb coral reefs.

Numerous reef species, such as butterfly fish, batfish, triggerfish and moorish
idol, dominate the shallower waters, while deep water species include sharks,
tuna, barracuda and marlin. It is because of this last species, the black marlin,
that the Sunda Strait has the reputation of being an excellent and
challenging game fishing ground.

Apart from the outstanding natural beauty of Ujung Kulon, the cultural heritage
is another inspiration for many researchers and historians. The Tanjung Layar
lighthouse on the extreme western point of the peninsula guided Dutch, English
and Portuguese sailing ships safely through the Panaitan straits during colonial
times. The eruption of the nearby Krakatau Volcano in 1883 required the lighthouse
to be rebuilt after being leveled by the 40-meter tsunami.

Panaitan Island is believed to have been an important staging post for sailing
ships. Captain James Cook is known to have anchored his HMS Endeavour there
in the 18th century. The island bears a Ganesha statue on the top of Mt. Raksa,
a hindu archaeological relic from the first century AD.

Visitors are advised to access the park by boat, as overland accessibility is poor.
Boat excursions with professional guides are organized from the nearby peninsula
of Tanjung Lesung.

Krakatau Volcano
Located in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra,
Indonesia, the Krakatau Islands Nature Reserve is the spectacular site of
the world youngest active volcano. Anak Krakatau (The son of Krakatau) has been
steadily rising out of the sea since 1930 and is considered one of the best
examples of recent island volcanism and tropical vegetation succession.

Krakatau notorious and world famous history has been of great interest to
scientists since the 16th century, when the Sunda Strait functioned as a gateway
for sailors from the European continent to the Indonesian archipelago.

The ancient Krakatau has exploded twice over the last 1600 years, both times
with catastrophic effects. The explosion and collapse of the 2,000 meters high
andesitic volcano in 416 AD left three remnant cones which over the centuries
coalesced into one volcanic island.

Before the spectacular August 27 1883 eruption, which destroyed two thirds of
the volcano above sea level, Krakatau measured 9 by 5 kilometers. This last
huge eruption, one of the biggest explosions on earth in recorded time,
killed over 35,000 people living on the Java and Sumatra shores of the Sunda
Strait. Blocks of coral weighting as much as 600 tons were hurled ashore and
the tsunami (shock wave) of 40 meters high still measured 2 meters when it
reached Indonesian capital Jakarta.

About 20 cubic km of material was expelled with ash falling in Singapore,
840 km to the northwest, and on ships over 6000 km away. Fine ash in higher
latitudes caused unusually red sunsets for three years and acted as a solar
filter, resulting in a 5-year global temperature drop of 1.2degree Celsius.

Today, the Krakatau Islands National Reserve consists of four islands of
which only Anak Krakatau, now about 200 meters high, is volcanically active.
The islands of Payang (Verlaten) and Sertung (Lang) are remnants of the
416 AD explosion, while Rakata used to be the southern tip of the Island
which exploded in 1883.

The 800-metre high island of Rakata is covered by extensive moss forest,
and the 40 species of resident birds and 54 species of butterflies are
the confirmation of the rich avifauna present. The narrow patch reefs
north of Rakata and west of Sertung offer a rich and steadily developing
underwater life with primary and secondary colonizers.

Lying on the edge of the tectonically active Sunda shelf, Anak Krakatau
regularly experiences significant volcanic activity (1952, 1972, 1992 and 1994)
as a part of a common cycle for volcanoes.
Hundreds of years of erupting at low level to build up the volcano have been
followed by huge eruptions (416 AD. and 1883), when the volcano collapsed
into a caldera.
Very modest activity was reported at the beginning of March ?9, with plumes
of smoke rising from the 600-meter wide cone.

Not only scientists are intrigued by this world heritage site. The volcanic
island group is also one of the most popular tourist attractions in West Java,
with excursions starting from the nearby peninsula of Tanjung Lesung.

Mt. Bromo (East Java)


Mt. Bromo is without doubt East
Java's most well known attraction.
The pre-dawn departure and trek
across the mountain's 'sand sea'
to watch the sun rise at the
crater rim has become a daily ritual,
joined by visitors from all over
the world. Although by no means the
highest mountain in the region,
Bromo has gained a reputation on
account of its fantastic surrounding
landscape. Little wonder that
this mountain has been revered for centuries by the local inhabitants, the Tenggerese,
who claim descent from a princess of Majapahit. Each year, on the fourteenth day of
the Tenggerese month of Kasodo, which falls in December, a special ceremony
is held on the sand sea below the crater of Bromo. Livestock and agricultural
produce are offered to the spirit of the mountain as a kind of thanksgiving, and as
a request for a bountiful harvest in the coming year. The Tenggerese believe that failure
to observe this annual ceremony will result in a calamity.

move to top of screen.